The Trinity (Part 2) - References to the Trinity in the Old and New TestamentsSubmitted by Pastor Chad Wagner on Sunday, January 10, 2016.
For a master copy of the outline, click here: The Trinity To Listen on YouTube, click here: The Trinity (Part 2) - References to the Trinity in the Old and New Testaments E. Jesus and the Father are one (Joh 10:30; Joh 14:9). F. Jesus and the Holy Ghost are one. i. Jesus said that He would send a Comforter which was the Holy Spirit (Joh 14:16-17). a. Then Jesus said that He would not leave his disciples comfortless: He would come to them (Joh 14:18). b. The Holy Spirit coming to the disciples is the same as Jesus coming to the disciples because Jesus and the Holy Spirit are one (1Jo 5:7). ii. The Spirit of God (the Holy Spirit) is the Spirit of Christ (Rom 8:9; Phi 1:19; 1Pe 1:11 c/w 2Pe 1:21). a. The Spirit of God dwells in the elect (Rom 8:9). b. Christ dwells in the elect (Rom 8:10). c. The Spirit of the Son dwells in our hearts (Gal 4:6). d. Therefore, Jesus and the Holy Spirit are one. iii. The Holy Spirit makes intercession for us (Rom 8:26-27). a. Jesus Christ makes intercession for us (Rom 8:34). b. Jesus and the Holy Ghost both make intercession for us because they are one (1Jo 5:7). iv. Jesus Christ gave the Revelation to John which included messages to the seven churches of Asia (Rev 1:1; Rev 1:17-20). a. The messages from the Son of God (Rev 2:18) were said to be from the Spirit (Rev 2:29; Rev 3:22). b. The messages were from Jesus and the Holy Spirit because they are one (1Jo 5:7). G. If 1) there is only one God, and 2) the Father, Jesus Christ (the Word), and the Holy Ghost/Spirit are all God, and 3) they are one with each other, therefore, God is three persons, yet one God, or in other words a Trinity or triune God. 3. References to two or more members of the Trinity in the OT A. God is referred to in both the singular and plural in the Old Testament, showing both the oneness and the threeness of God. i. When God created man, He said "Let us make man in our image" (Gen 1:26). a. But the next verse tells us that "God created man in his own image" (Gen 1:27). b. It is clear from these verses that God is both plural and singular, three persons, yet one God (1Jo 5:7). ii. When God banished Adam from the garden of Eden, He said that "the man is become as one of us" (Gen 3:22). a. Then "he drove out the man" (Gen 3:24). b. It is clear from these verses that God is both plural and singular, three persons, yet one God (1Jo 5:7). iii. When the people of Babel built the tower of Babel, God said "let us go down, and there confound their language" (Gen 11:7). a. Then it is written that "the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth" (Gen 11:8). b. It is clear from these verses that God is both plural and singular, three persons, yet one God (1Jo 5:7). iv. When God needed a prophet to proclaim His word, He said "Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?" (Isa 6:8). a. In this verse, God refers to Himself in both the singular and the plural. b. He can do so without contradiction because He is a Trinity: three persons, yet one God (1Jo 5:7). B. The word of the LORD came unto Abraham (Gen 15:1). i. The word of the LORD that came unto Abraham was the LORD Jehovah (Gen 15:7). ii. Jesus is called the Word of God (Rev 19:13). iii. Jesus Christ is the Word who is Jehovah God (Joh 1:1). C. The LORD appeared again unto Abraham as three men (Gen 18:1-2). i. God appearing to Abraham as three men typified the triune nature of God. ii. They asked where Sarah was (Gen 18:9). iii. Then he (the LORD) said that Sarah would have a son (Gen 18:10-14 c/w Rom 9:9). D. The LORD appeared to Lot as two angels (Gen 19:1). i. After being nearly molested by some sodomites, they said that they would destroy the place (Gen 19:13). ii. Then the LORD rained down fire and brimstone on Sodom and Gomorrah from the LORD out of heaven (Gen 19:24). iii. It appears that two persons of the Godhead were on earth calling fire down from the third person of the Godhead in heaven. E. All three persons of the Godhead took part in the creation of the universe. i. In the beginning God (the Father - Jam 1:17) created the heaven and the earth (Gen 1:1). ii. The Spirit of God (the Holy Spirit) moved upon the face of the waters (Gen 1:2). a. The heavens were made by the breath of God's mouth (Psa 33:6). b. The Holy Spirit is likened unto God's breath (Joh 20:22). iii. God said (the Word of God) let there by light (Gen 1:3). a. The Word, who is God, created all things (Joh 1:1-3). b. All things were created by the Word made flesh (Joh 1:14), Jesus Christ (Eph 3:9; Col 1:16). F. God is said to have anointed God in Psa 45:6-7. i. This verse would make no sense if God were not a Trinity. ii. It makes perfect sense when it is explained in the NT that God the Father anointed God the Son (the Word) (Heb 1:8-9) with the Holy Ghost (Act 10:38 c/w Mat 3:16). G. All three persons of the Trinity are mentioned in Isa 59:19-20. i. Those three were the Spirit of the LORD, the Redeemer, and the LORD. ii. The Redeemer is Jesus Christ, who is the LORD (Isa 44:6; Isa 60:16; 1Pe 1:18-19). H. Aaron was to bless Israel in the name of the LORD three times (Num 6:23-26). I. The seraphims worshiped the Triune God calling Him holy thrice (Isa 6:3; Rev 4:8). 4. References to the Trinity in the New Testament A. All three members of the Trinity were involved in the conception of Jesus Christ (Luk 1:35). B. All three members of the Trinity were active at the baptism of Jesus. i. At Jesus' baptism the Father spoke from heaven and the Spirit of God descended on Him like a dove (Mat 3:16-17). ii. God anointed Jesus with the Holy Ghost at that time (Act 10:38). C. All three members of the Trinity were active in the offering of Christ (Heb 9:14). D. All three members of the Trinity took part in our salvation (1Pe 1:2). i. God the Father elected whom He would save (Eph 1:4). ii. The Holy Spirit makes them holy by regenerating them (Tit 3:5). iii. Jesus died for them and justified them by His blood (Rom 5:9). E. All three persons of the Godhead are mentioned together numerous times in the New Testament. i. Converts are to be baptized in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost (Mat 28:19). ii. The Father would send the Holy Ghost in Jesus' name (Joh 14:26). iii. Jesus is seated at the right hand of the Father, having received the promise of the Holy Ghost (Act 2:33-34). iv. Stephen was full of the Holy Ghost and saw Jesus standing on the right hand of God (Act 7:55). v. Paul was the minister of Jesus Christ, ministering the gospel of God, to the Gentiles who were sanctified by the Holy Ghost (Rom 15:16). vi. Paul ended his second letter to the Corinthians with a benediction in the name of Jesus Christ, God the Father, and the Holy Ghost (2Co 13:14).