Flat Earth Refutation (Part 1) - A Biblical RefutationSubmitted by Pastor Chad Wagner on Sunday, April 2, 2017.
Watch the video of this sermon on YouTube: Flat Earth Refutation (Part 1).
Flat Earth Refutation I. The flat earth theory is the belief that: 1. The earth is disc-shaped with a flat surface which is upheld by physical pillars and is fixed. 2. There is a wall of ice on the perimeter of the earth which holds the oceans in (and which nobody has ever seen or photographed, of course). 3. There is a dome that encloses the earth in which the sun, moon, and stars are situated. 4. There is layer of water above the dome. II. Addressing verses that are used to support the Flat Earth idea. (Most are taken from the YouTube video: 75 bible Verses Prove a Flat Earth.) 1. Jesus saw all the kingdoms of earth from a high mountain (Luk 4:5). A. This is supposed to prove that the earth is flat, otherwise Jesus could not see kingdoms on the other side of the world. B. He saw them "in a moment of time," which indicates that Satan showed Jesus all kingdoms at all times in a flash by non-natural means. C. Please take me to the mountain in Israel where all the kingdoms of the earth are physically visible. 2. The four corners of the earth - Isa 11:12; Rev 7:1 Rev 20:8 A. This supposedly proves that the earth is flat because there are no corners on a sphere. B. A circle (which is what the flat-earthers say the shape of the earth is) doesn't have corners either. C. North, south, east, and west are the "four corners" of the earth. 3. Earth doesn't move - 1Ch 16:30; Psa 93:1; Psa 96:10 A. These verses don't prove a flat earth, even if they are taken literally. B. The earth could be a globe that doesn't move (geocentrism). C. These verses have nothing to do with whether or not the earth physically moves, but are figurative statements. D. 1Ch 16:30 i. If 1Ch 16:30 teaches that the world physically doesn't move, then 1Ch 16:33 teaches that trees physically sing. ii. The only other place where the phrase "be not moved" is used in scripture is not referring to physical movement (Col 1:23). E. Psa 93:1 i. If Psa 93:1 teaches that world physically cannot be moved, then it teaches that God physically clothes Himself with majesty and strength; and Psa 93:3 teaches that floods have physical voices. ii. Psa 93:1 is teaching that God is in control of the inhabitants of the world and nobody can change that (it "cannot be moved"), just as God is in control of His kingdom which "cannot be moved" (Heb 12:28). F. Psa 96:10 i. Psa 96:10 is referring to God's judgment of the people of the world, not to the physical movement of the earth (Psa 96:13). ii. If Psa 96:10 teaches that the world physically doesn't move, then Psa 96:11-12 teaches that the heavens and the trees physically rejoice. G. By taking verses out of context like the flat-earthers, one can just as easily prove that the earth does move: "...the earth is moved exceedingly..." (Isa 24:19) 4. The pillars of the earth - 1Sa 2:8; Job 9:6; Psa 75:3 A. Flat-earthers say that physical pillars hold up a flat earth. i. If that's the case then the heavens are held up by physical pillars as well (Job 26:11). ii. Is the church a physical pillar holding up the truth? (1Ti 3:15) iii. Were James, Peter, and John physical pillars of the church? (Gal 2:9) iv. Will faithful saints be made physical pillars in the temple of God in heaven? (Rev 3:12) B. This is figurative language. i. Pillar n. - 3. fig. a. An imaginary or ideal prop or support on which the heavens or the earth is poetically represented as resting. ii. God controls the earth and the inhabitants of it, maintaining its stability as would physical pillars a building. C. The earth is hung upon nothing, not founded on physical pillars (Job 26:7). 5. Foundations of the Earth - Job 38:4; Isa 48:13 A. Flat-earthers believe that the foundations of the earth are physical pillars (see previous section). B. Foundation - 1. The action of founding or building upon a firm substructure; the state or fact of being founded. 5. a. The solid ground or base (natural or built up) on which an edifice or other structure is erected; also, the lowest part of a building, usually constructed below the ground-level. 1535 Coverdale Ps. cii. 25 Thou Lorde in the begynnynge has layed ye foundacion of the earth. C. The foundation of the earth is the lowest part of it upon which the surface is laid. D. These verses do not prove that the earth is flat. 6. Earth is a footstool - Isa 66:1; Mat 5:35; Act 7:49 A. Flat-earthers say that the earth is shaped like a footstool which is held up by four pillars. B. Are the heavens then shaped like a throne? C. Are Jesus' enemies shaped like footstools? (Heb 10:13) D. These passages are metaphorical, teaching that the earth is under the LORD's authority (Psa 110:1). 7. Firmament dome A. The flat-earthers claim that the firmament is a solid, material dome in which the sun, moon, and stars are located. i. They say that there are physical windows in it (Isa 24:18). a. This passage is clearly speaking metaphorically of God's judgment being poured on the earth from heaven through "windows." b. These figurative windows can be opened for God to pour blessings upon men as well (Mal 3:10). c. The "windows of heaven" being opened and closed is a figurative way of saying that the rain started or stopped coming from heaven (Gen 7:11-12; Gen 8:2). ii. They say that since the heavens can tremble, it must have solidity to it (Isa 13:13). a. This is figurative language describing the judgment of Babylon (Isa 13:1,17-19). b. Flat-earthers need to study Bible hermeneutics. iii. They say God "bowed the heavens" in a dome around a flat earth (Psa 18:9; 2Sa 22:10). a. These verses are not talking about the creation of the heaven and the earth. b. Flat-earthers need to study Bible hermeneutics. iv. They say the firmament dome rotates around a flat earth (Gen 1:6,14). a. This is false. b. Firmament - 1. a. The arch or vault of heaven overhead, in which the clouds and the stars appear; the sky or heavens. In mod. use only poet. or rhetorical. b. Heaven, as the place where God dwells. Obs. exc. in Biblical and liturgical phrases. c. The firmament is heaven (Gen 1:8). d. Heaven n. - 1. a. The expanse in which the sun, moon, and stars, are seen, which has the appearance of a vast vault or canopy overarching the earth, on the ‘face’ or surface of which the clouds seem to lie or float; the sky, the firmament. e. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth (Gen 1:1). (i) There was only one heaven at the initial creation. (ii) After the creation week was finished there were heavens (Gen 2:1). f. There are three heavens (2Co 12:2). g. Therefore, there are three firmaments. h. The first firmament/heaven is the sky between earth and the clouds (Gen 1:6-8). (i) The waters above the first firmament are the clouds (Gen 1:6-7). (ii) This firmament is where the birds fly (Gen 1:20). i. The second firmament/heaven is outer space where the sun, moon, and stars reside (Gen 1:14-18). j. The third heaven is where God dwells (2Co 12:2 c/w 2Co 12:4 c/w Rev 2:7).